The relief of Uzbekistan determines the atmospheric circulation and thus plays an important role in the formation of the Uzbek climate. The north and northwest of the country is fairly flat, which is why in winter cold air masses can penetrate unhindered into the area. The mountainous terrain in the south prevents the penetration of warm tropical air. This leads to cold but normally clear winters. The average winter temperature (January) varies from -8°C to +3°C, in mountain areas it can fall to -16°C. Under the influence of Arctic air, -35°C was measured as the absolute minimum. In summer, the local tropical air mass of Turan forms in the flat part of the country. The air becomes dry and hot, saturated with fine dust. In July the average temperature in the northern part of the country is 26-32°C, while it reaches 41-42°C in the south (Termez). The maximum temperatures can exceed 50°C.


Precipitation

Uzbekistan has relatively little precipitation. While it’s about 100mm in the desert, the amount in the mountains in the east is about 800-900mm. In comparison, the amount of precipitation in Switzerland is about 1,000-1,500mm per year. 70% of the precipitation in Uzbekistan falls in winter and spring. In winter it can also snow in the lowlands, but the snow cover is usually only a few centimetres. In the mountains there is on average approx. 60cm snow, whereby it can come in exceptions also to a snow cover of up to 2 meters.


Winds

In Uzbekistan there are mainly winds from the north or west. There are some locally occurring winds, which can have effects on the economy. In the Fergana valley there can be storm heights with wind speeds of 30-40m/s under certain air pressure conditions, which can threaten the harvest. In the province of Surxondaryo in the south, the wind regularly blows from Afghanistan; the winds are not particularly fast, but they carry a lot of dust and sand with them and can have devastating effects on flowering trees and plants.


Weather in cities of Uzbekistan

TashkentJANFEBMARAPRMAYJUNJULAUGSEPOCTNOVDEC
Day681522283436342920149
Night-3-14101418201713840
Sunny days
per month
76,5711152025262417109
Rainy days
per month
121213,573,511126911,5
Temperatures are shown in Celsius
SamarkandJANFEBMARAPRMAYJUNJULAUGSEPOCTNOVDEC
Day681421263234342821159
Night-3-139131616161162-1
Sunny days
per month
7,56,58,512,5182529292620119
Rainy days
per month
1010973,5<1<1<1<1468
Temperatures are shown in Celsius
BukharaJANFEBMARAPRMAYJUNJULAUGSEPOCTNOVDEC
Day8101725313738373125169
Night-1-14101519201711630
Sunny days
per month
87,51114182528,5292621,51311
Rainy days
per month
55642,5<1<1<1<1<134
Temperatures are shown in Celsius
KhivaJANFEBMARAPRMAYJUNJULAUGSEPOCTNOVDEC
Day461423303638363022136
Night-3-229151921191362-1
Sunny days
per month
66,510,51316,521,525272520138
Rainy days
per month
445 2,51,5<1<1<11,52,53,5
Temperatures are shown in Celsius

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