Nature of Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan is dominated by the Tien Shan and Pamir mountains, which make up about 94% of the total area of the country. There are about 8,000 glaciers in Kyrgyzstan, which cover about 4% of the country. By comparison, there are about 1,200 glaciers in the entire Alpine region. The country is also known for its 2,000 lakes. The most famous lake, Issyk-Kul, is considered the second-largest mountain lake in the world. Already during Soviet times, Issyk-Kul was a popular tourist destination.

issyk kul lake, Kyrgyzstan


The Kyrgyz are a nomadic people, originally of Mongol origin, who in the 3rd century were described in Chinese sources as a "wild mountain people". Only after the conquest of the region by the Russians, part of the population had become sedentary, beginning in the 19th century. However, the nomadic origin did not vanish. Today about 65% of the population lives in the countryside, and the tradition of spending hot summers in a yurt in the mountains is still widespread.

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