Uzbekistan at a glance
The total size of Uzbekistan is 448,900 km2, of which 95% is a firm land area. The country is about the same size as Sweden or the state of California.
Two-thirds of the country is occupied by deserts (the Kyzylkum and Karakum), steppes (“Hungry Steppe”), and mountains (the Gissar range of the Tien Shan Mountains). The cities of Uzbekistan, around which life is concentrated, are located in the valleys of the two major rivers, the Amu Darya and the Syr Darya.
12 AND REPUBLIC OF KARAKALPAKSTAN
447 400 KM2
On August 31, 1991, was declared the independence of Uzbekistan from the USSR. The form of state rule—Presidential Republic. As of 2021, the President of Uzbekistan is Shavkat Mirziyoyev. Two-chambered parliament functions in the country. The lower chamber of parliament -Oliy Majlis and the upper chamber of parliament—Senate.
Language and Religion
The official language is Uzbek. Russian is widely spoken, especially in the cities and amongst the older generations. Tajik is also spoken frequently in certain regions.
Uzbekistan’s constitution guarantees religious freedom. The majority of the population belongs to the Sunni Muslim faith. However, there are also Christians, Jews and members of other faiths.