The oldest part of the complex is the water reservoir, which was formerly used to supply water to the population and was already called Bolo-Khauz (Children’s pond). Its shape is square, with rounded corners and sides about 20 meters long. On clear days, the façade of the mosque reflects on the surface of the water.

The mosque itself was built in 1712 by the order of Emir Shahmurad. At first, it was conceived as a public mosque, but later it was visited by the Emir himself. According to the legend, he wanted to be closer to the population and attended the mosque during Friday prayers. They say the path from his citadel Ark to the mosque was covered with Bukhara red carpets.

Bolo-khauz mosque

The mosque building has a rectangular shape measuring about 27 by 20 metres. The mosque is made of plain brick on three sides, but an impressive iwan is attached on the portal side, which is supported by twenty 12.5-metre columns.  They are individually designed and their tops are beautifully painted. If you stand directly below the column and look upwards, yellow stars appear, which you cannot see from any other angle.

The prayer room itself is decorated with readings from the Koran, which are scattered across the room on a blue background, like a ribbon. Notable is the dome, which is decorated with a golden tone. The mosque is unusual architecturally in that there are cells (“hujras”) attached to the mosque, which were used by dervishes. 

The building was fully restored between 1914 and 1917. The youngest part of the complex is a small ten-meter minaret designed by the famous architect Shirin Muradov. It stands slightly offset next to the swimming pool.

The Bolo-Khauz Mosque is still used for prayers and is visited by many worshippers. However, outside of prayer time, it is open to all comers.

Architectural monuments in Bukhara

Outskirts of Bukhara

10 мест в Узбекистане

Bukhara for Tourists


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