The first Samanids became governors in various towns of present-day Uzbekistan in 819 and were able to rule virtually independently from 874. The empire reached its apogee under the rule of Ismail Samani. From the capital Bukhara, it spread to the present-day states of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan and Iran.
construction of samanids mausoleum
The mausoleum in Bukhara was built on the orders of Ismail Samani dedicated to his father, and later became a family burial place, where Ismail himself and several of his descendants are buried. It is one of the oldest monuments of Bukhara, which is preserved in very good condition. The building is considered a masterpiece of architecture of the 10th century. The method of construction is unique: no other country in Central Asia knows such construction. It is therefore assumed that the method on which the building is based dates back to pre-Arabic times. However, this cannot be proven as less durable materials such as wood and clay bricks were used at that period. Some researchers believe that this style is based on the Zoroastrian temple of fire.
The mausoleum is one of the few buildings in Bukhara which have not been destroyed by the Mongols. Originally it stood in the centre of the cemetery, but over time it was covered by layers of sand and only fully uncovered during the 20th century.
The building material for the mausoleum was burnt brick. At first glance, the building looks very simple: a cube base with a dome. However, it was built with incredible architectural precision. The substructure, which has a square base with a side length of about 10 metres and a height of about 14 metres, almost naturally merges with the eight arches into the dome, which itself is about 9 metres high. Only bricks were used to decorate the building, thanks to the different orientations and their use (flat, vertical, diagonal, projecting, overlapping, etc.), an extremely harmonious decoration is created, giving the mausoleum a certain lightness.
The Samanid Mausoleum is now considered one of the symbols of Bukhara. It is located in the old city in the Ismael Samani Park, which is not only used as an amusement park for children but is also popular with young couples. The park has a relatively pleasant temperature even in the high summer, because of the lake, canals and many trees.