Ming Uryuk – the birthplace of Tashkent
Ming Uryuk is the remnant of the old settlement of Chach, which is often mentioned in historical chronicles. The more exact name is Madina Chach or the “capital Chach”. According to historians, the city was part of several cities under the common name Chach, and Madina Chach was its capital. After the conquest of the Arab caliphate, the city is called Shash because the sound “ch” does not exist in the Arabic language.
Ming Uryuk is the place where the city of Tashkent originally stood before it was destroyed by Arab conquerors at the beginning of the 8th century. The total area of the old settlement was 35 hectares. However, the development of modern Tashkent, which began at the end of the 19th century, destroyed almost all remains.
At the end of the 19th century, Ming Uryuk was researched. Archaeologists discovered the destroyed and burnt remains of the Palace of the Kings of Tashkent, around which there used to be a flourishing city. It was assumed that this settlement was from the 8th century.
However, new research carried out in 2008 by the Tashkent Institute of Archaeology revealed that there were much older buildings under the floor of the former royal palace. Ming Uryuk Hill consists of many different archaeological layers. On the lowest level, the researchers found the remains of a fire temple. Here were discovered part of Tashkent, the age of which is 2200 years old. Therefore in 2009, the city celebrated its 2,200th anniversary with the approval of UNESCO.
Ming Uryuk now houses an archaeological museum.