The predecessor of the Kalon minaret was built back in the 11th century and was partly made of wood. It was burned down during the siege and was replaced by another building, which collapsed due to lack of foundation.
The Kalon Minaret is part of the Poi-Kalon Ensemble, which also includes the Kalon Mosque, Miri- Arab Madrasah and Amir Alim Khan Madrasah.
The construction of the Kalon minaret was entrusted to the architect Usto Bako, who worked with great responsibility. He first laid a 10-meter foundation and left it to stand for two years. Legend says that he left Bukhara for that time so that no one could force him to continue his work before the schedule. Only after that, he completed the building.
According to another legend, Bako was dissatisfied with the construction and have suggested that this minaret would also collapse. However, Bako’s concern was unfounded: the minaret had survived nine centuries of wars and natural disasters. Only after the conquest of Bukhara by the Bolsheviks in 1920, the minaret was damaged by warning shots. The minaret has a typical structure of Central Asia and Iran. The shape is round and the steep tower narrows towards the top. The base diameter is more than 10 metres. The entrance to the minaret is from the roof of the Kalon Mosque by a small bridge. Inside, a spiral staircase with 105 steps leads to the top.
Construction of minaret kalon
The tower was built from burnt bricks. The minaret is decorated with strips of different geometric patterns. There are 14 such bands in total, with different heights and different motifs. The entire decoration was formed solely by brickwork. The exception is one band in the upper part: glazed tiles in shades of blue were used there. This makes the Kalyan minaret one of the earliest examples of glaze used to decorate buildings in Central Asia.
functions of minaret kalon
The minaret had several functions: apart from the classical task of calling to prayer, it served as a watchtower. Due to its size, it also served as a lighthouse, visible from a distance, showing the way to caravans during the Silk Road.
Although the minaret is located next to a functioning mosque, it is no longer used for its intended purpose but is just an architectural monument of Bukhara.